Chapter seven of Zettl was a refreshing crash course on what I learned last year in Dr. Armstrong’s Broadcast Communication class (COM 131). Chapter 7 was about the importance of screen space.
We already know that what falls within the frame of the picture is important. However, people forget to consider how each object falls within the frame. Video photographers must consider things like horizontal orientation, vertical orientation, horizons, symmetry and magnetism.
Manipulations of these various aspects of photography can change the overall meaning and quality of the image.
For an artistic project, like a movie or TV drama, it is common for cinematographers to manipulate the frame. They can tilt the horizon, or focus on an object that has distinguishing vertical or horizontal qualities.
These aspects of video framing apply to both my television project with FTV2 and our upcoming video project due in less than two weeks. I will want to make sure I place the object/person in the correct spot of the frame.
For example, if I want to interview my co-host Pearson Fowler, I don’t want to place him on the very right of the screen. That would be distracting because his body or face would be too close to the edge of the frame. I also don’t want to put him directly in the center of the screen. I will most likely shift him a little to the left or right and have him look at the person he is interviewing. That looks like the most natural position for a person being interviewed. The more natural he looks, the better the framing.
Here is a good example: